How to play Texas no limit hold’em
Texas Holdem Preflop
At each start of a hold’em hand, the two blinds should be posted (small and big blind), the value of which is predetermined before the game commences. In tournament play the blinds are determined by what level you are playing. All the players will then be dealt two cards facedown. These are known as the hole or pocket cards. The player starting in the UTG position will then make a decision to call, raise or fold .This will continue all the way around the table to the big blind. In the event of everyone folding to a bet or raise, the lone remaining player will be awarded the pot.
Table Position Terms
Your position at a poker table is referred to by many different terms. There are five specific terms that are commonly used to describe a specific position in relation to the button, illustrated below.
* “Dealer“, “Dealer’s Button“, or “Button“: This is the best possible position since the player will be the last to act on the flop, turn, and river.
* “Under the Gun“: This is the first player to take an action preflop. This player is to the left of the big blind. Being under the gun is considered to be the worst position in hold’em. In its defense, it is a lousy position, but a player under the gun will actually have a better position post-flop than the blinds.
* “Big Blind“: This is the player to the left of the small blind unless the game is heads-up.
* “Small Blind“: This player is directly to the left of the dealer’s button unless the game is heads-up.
* “Cutoff“: This is the player to the right of the button. It is called the cutoff because that position often “cuts off” the dealer’s ability to steal blinds by betting.
* “Hijack“: This is the player to the right of the cutoff. At a full table it functions a lot like the cutoff position.
It should be noted that when play is heads-up, the player on the button is the small blind and the other player is the big blind. The other unnamed positions are commonly referred to in relation to the dealer’s button or the player under the gun, whichever is closer. The player to the left of the player under the gun might say he’s “To the left of the gun” or “Under the gun plus one”.
Another way that position is described is by the terms “early position”, “middle position”, and “late position”. These terms are often abbreviated “EP”, “MP”, and “LP”. Players in early position are some of the first to act in a betting round, like the player who is under the gun. “Late position” players are some of the last to act in a betting round, like the cutoff seat and the player on the button. “Middle position” is naturally the players in between. These terms are often used when the table is full with nine or ten players. Once play gets down to a few players, it can become confusing to describe what middle position actually is.
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Texas Holdem The Flop
After the betting action is done on the preflop round, three community cards are displayed by the dealer in the center of the poker table . The betting will commence with the players remaining to the left of the Button. The first player can either check or bet. The remaining players can either check, call, bet, raise or fold depending on the action in front of them. If the player in front of you has checked you can either check or bet. If a player in front of you has placed a bet, you can call, raise or fold. The betting will continue in a clockwise fashion. This betting pattern will also apply to the turn and the river
Texas Holdem The Turn
After the flop betting round is completed, another community card is placed, known as the turn. The betting will commence with the players remaining to the left of the Button. The betting will continue in a clockwise fashion.
Texas Holdem The River
After the betting round of the turn, a final community card is exposed, known as the river. The betting will commence with the players remaining to the left of the dealer. The betting will continue in a clockwise fashion. Each player left in the game has his final hand consisting of the best five cards of the seven available (two private hole cards and the five community cards). Players may use two hole cards along with three community cards, one hole card combined with four community cards, or just the five community cards (known as playing the board). Again, poker hands are made up of the best five cards.
Texas Holdem The Showdown
The showdown is what happens after the final river bets have been placed. The action proceeds in a clockwise fashion with the first player exposing their hand. If the remaining players cannot beat the exposed hand, they may fold their cards. If they can beat it, they must expose their hand.
Winners and losers are determined by the standard poker hand rankings.
Texas Holdem Poker Hand Rankings
Royal Flush – This is the best possible hand in standard five-card Poker. This consists of Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10, all of the same suit.
Straight Flush – Any five card sequence in the same suit (e.g.: 8, 9, 10, Jack and Queen of clubs; or 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of diamonds).
Four of a Kind – All four cards of the same value (e.g.: 8, 8, 8, 8; or Queen, Queen, Queen, Queen).
Full House – Three of a kind combined with a pair (e.g.: 10, 10, 10 with 6, 6; or King, King, King with 5, 5).
Flush – Any five cards of the same suit, but not in sequence (e.g.: 4, 5, 7, 10 and King of spades).
Straight – Five cards in sequence, but not in the same suit (e.g.: 7 of clubs, 8 of clubs, 9 of diamonds, 10 of spades and Jack of diamonds).
Three of a Kind – Three cards of the same value (e.g.: 3, 3, 3; or Jack, Jack, Jack).
Two Pair – Two separate pairs (e.g.: 2, 2, Queen, Queen).
Pair – Two cards of the same value (e.g.: 7, 7).
High Card – If a Poker hand contains none of the above combinations, it’s valued by the highest card in it
Texas Holdem Terminology
Preflop – The time when players already have their pocket cards but no flop has been dealt yet. It’s also the first round of bets.
The Flop – The first three cards dealt face-up to the board or to those three cards themselves.
The Turn – The turn or “turn card” or “fourth street” is the fourth of five cards dealt to a community card board, constituting one face-up community card that each of the players in the game can use to make up their final hand.
The River – The river or “river card” is the final card dealt in a poker hand to the community card board.
The Showdown-When if more than one player remains after the last betting round, remaining players expose and compare their hands to determine the winner or winners.
Bet-Any money wagered during the play of a hand.
Call-To match a bet or raise
Raise-To raise is to increase the size of the bet required to stay in the pot, forcing all subsequent players to call the new amount if they wish to remain in. If the current bet amount is nothing, this action is considered the opening bet. A player making the second (not counting the open) or subsequent raise of a betting round is said to re-raise.
Fold-To fold is to discard one’s hand and forfeit interest in the current pot. No further bets are required Texby the folding player, but the player cannot win.
Check-If no one has yet opened the betting round, a player may pass or check, which is equivalent to calling the current bet of zero. When checking, a player declines to make a bet; this indicates that he does not wish to open, but does wish to keep his cards and retain the right to call or raise later in the same round if an opponent opens
How to play Texas no limit hold’em was written and submitted by Art Montreuil.